A Market: Supply and Demand
The Equilibrium Price
In this lesson, we investigate how prices reach equilibrium and how the market works like an invisible hand coordinating economic activity. At equilibrium, the price is stable and gains from trade are maximized. When the price is not at equilibrium, a shortage or a surplus occurs. The equilibrium price is the result of competition amongst buyers and sellers.
In this video, we’ll review equilibrium in the adjustment process, showing that the equilibrium price is the only stable price. Then we’ll take a look at equilibrium quantity, where quantity demanded is equal to quantity supplied, and how this plays out in a free market economy that seeks to maximize gains from trade.