Division of Labor

The assignment of different parts of a manufacturing process or task to different people in order to improve efficiency. Under this regime each worker becomes an expert in one isolated area of production, thus increasing his efficiency. The fact that laborers do not have to switch tasks during the day further saves time and money. Adam Smith was one of the first people to write about the division of labor. 

Traditional Soap Making in Palestine

This gif is an excellent example of the concept of division of labor. 

I, Pencil - Essay

For more than half a century, Leonard Read’s classic story has opened eyes and changed minds by the hundreds of thousands. It humbles even the high and mighty as it reveals the wondrous achievements of individuals whose contributions are coordinated by nothing more than incentives and market prices.

I, Pencil - Video

For more than half a century, Leonard Read’s classic story has opened eyes and changed minds by the hundreds of thousands. It humbles even the high and mighty as it reveals the wondrous achievements of individuals whose contributions are coordinated by nothing more than incentives and market prices. This film guarantees that the insights of Read’s humble pencil will continue to work their magic for many years to come!

How the Division of Knowledge Saved My Son's Life

In this video, Professor Boudreaux explains how the specialization of knowledge helped his two-year old son overcome a life-threatening illness.

Division of Labor: Burgers and Ships

A simple example of hamburgers being made at home versus at a restaurant can help illuminate the explosion of prosperity since the Industrial Revolution.

I'll Stick With These: Some Sharp Observations on the Division of Labor

A blog post on the division of labor, by Mike Munger.

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